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Iceland History

Iceland was settled by the Norse in the ninth century and they established the world’s first known republic and parliament in about AD 930. The original seat of this democratic system may be found at Thingvellir, about an hour’s drive from Reykjavik, where the original Viking settlers used a natural amphitheatre, formed by a cliff wall, as an assembly. In the mid-13th century the islanders submitted to the authority of the King of Norway, and when Norway came under the control of Denmark in 1380, Iceland did too. In 1814, Norway became independent, but Iceland remained a Danish territory. In 1840 it was granted its own constitution and effectively allowing internal self-government.

Iceland gained full independence in 1944 and became a fully independent nation with its own head of state. Iceland has become a member of NATO, the Nordic Council and of the Council of Europe in the 20th century. Iceland hasn’t joined the EU yet, but its only a matter of time before they do.

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